Linux is an open-source operating system kernel originally created by Linus Torvalds in 1991. It forms the foundation of numerous popular operating systems known as Linux distributions, such as Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. Linux is renowned for its stability, security, and versatility, making it a preferred choice for servers, embedded systems, and desktop computers. It embodies the principles of free and open-source software, allowing users to modify and distribute it freely.

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